comparative 1 & superlative

   

Comparative and superlative Adjective

 

There are so many adjectives in English.(old,young,hot,tall,beautiful,ugly,fast,slow,fat or cheap)

 

But what is comparative adjective and superlative adjectives 

Comparative Adjective

What is it?

 

We use comparative adjectives to compare two people.things or places.

 

 

old/young

 

Ekin                                             Chi Lam

 

4 Oct 1967                                      27 Aug 1971 

 

Ekin is older than Chi Lam.

Chi Lam is younger than Ekin.

 

short/tall

 

Ekin                                                Chi Lam

 

1.75m tall                                      1.81 tall 

Ekin is shorter than Chi Lam.

Chi Lam is taller than Ekin.

 

heavy

 

Ekin                                              Chi Lam

 

70kg                                                    64kg

Ekin is heavier than Chi Lam.

 

hot

 

32 c  (HK)                                       36 c(China)

 

  China is hotter than Hong Kong.

  

large

 

My house                               Your house

My house is larger than your house. 

 Comparative adjectives

**************************

1.When the last letter                                 / large                   / lager than

is '-e' ,add  '-r'                                            /nice                     /nicer than

_____________________________________________________________

2.When the last letter is '-y',                      /heavy                  /heavier than

deleted -y and add '-ier'                            /happy                 /happier than

                                                            /funn                    /funnier than

_______________________________________________________________

3.When there is only one vowel             /hot                     /hotter than

before the last letter,double up             /big                     /bigger than

the last letter and add '-er'

_______________________________________________________

 expensive

 

My car                                        Your car

 

HK$800,000                                HK$30,000

My car is more expencive than your car.

 

beautiful

 

Butterfly                                     Grasshopper

 

Butterflies are more beautiful than grasshoppers.

 

hardworking

 

Cows are more hardworking than pigs.

 

 

 

1.When the last letter                                 / large                   /the lagest

is '-e' ,add  '-st'                                            /nice                     /the nicest

_____________________________________________________________

2.When the last letter is '-y',                      /heavy                  /the heaviest

deleted -y and add '-iest'                            /happy                 /the happiest

                                                            /funn                    /he funniest

_______________________________________________________________

3.When there is only one vowel             /hot                     /the hottest

before the last letter,double up             /big                     /he biggest

the last letter and add '-est'

_______________________________________________________

 

 

**************************************

Long adjectives that have more than two syllabes

Comparative:add 'more' before the adjective.

_______________________________________

beau/ti/ful                              /more beautiful than

ex/pen/sive                          /more expensive than

hard/work/ing                     /more hardworking than

________________________________________

 

Superlative Adjective

***************************

What is it?

 

We use superlative adjectives to compare three or more people,things or places.

                                                            ____________

 

old/young

 

Ekin                                 Chi Lam               Jackie  Chan

 

4 Oct 1967                      27 Aug 1971           7 Apr 1954

Jackie is the oldest.

Chi Lam is the youngest.

 

happy

 

Jackie is the happiest.

 

hot

 

32 c(HK)               36 c(china)                 34 c(Macau)

China is the hottest city.

 

Superlative Adjectives

***************************

 

 

 

large

 

Hong Kong                            China                               Macau

6,000,000 pupulation              1.2 billion population          5.000.000 population

 

China has the largest population.

 

Long Superlative Adjectives

****************************

Long adjectives that have more than two syllables

Superlative:add.the' and 'most;before the adjective.

______________________________________

beau/ti/ful                    /the most beautiful

ex/pen/sive                /the most expensive

hard/work/ing            / the most hardworking

________________  /the least beautiful

                             /the least expensive

                           /the least hardworking

___________________________________________

Long Superlative Adjectives

 hardworking

 

Cow                        Sheep                     Pigs

Cows are the most hardworking animal.

Pigs are the least hardworking animal.

 

beautiful

 

Butterfly                      Sparrow             Grasshopper

Butterflies are the most beautiful.

Sparrows are the least beautiful.

 

 

Irregular form of adjectives

***************************

Adjectives        ***  Comparative***    Suprelative

______________/______________/___________

far                         farther               the farthest

good                      better                 the best

bad                        worse                 the worst

________________________________________

Ekin sings better than Jackie.

Jackie is the best actor.

Jackie sing worse than Chi Lam.

Jackie is the worst singer.

 

                                                                Sadeq Language Institute

 

 

 

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